Published monthly by the Ministry of Finance. FX reserve statistics is updated to the month of January 2017 (published on February 7th, 2017). FX intervention statistics is updated to the month of January 2017 (published on January 31st, 2017)
Recent Data Trend
Japan's FX reserve assets totaled 1.23 trillion USD as of January 2017, up by 14.6 million USD from the end of December 2016. As of January 2017, Japan has not intervened in the FX market for more than 5 years. The last time Japan intervened to suppress the strength of yen in November 2011, the Japanese yen was at the historical peak of 75.3 yen per US dollar.
Brief Overview (FX Reserves & FX Intervention)
Ministry of Finance publishes FX Reserve statistics. Japan’s FX Reserve is the second largest in the world after that of China. As of December 2016, Japan had 1.21 trillion dollars equivalent of international reserve assets, while that of China totaled 3.01 trillion dollars equivalent, according to SAFE, China. MoF does not disclose details on the currency composition nor maturity structure of its FX reserves, but they are assumed to largely consist of short term US Treasury securities. For more information, please visit the government website.
Ministry of Finance publishes statistics on FX Intervention under the title of "Foreign Exchange Intervention Operations". The Japanese government has in the past intervened extensively to counter currency movements it deemed undesirable. The most significant of Japan's interventions took place over four periods to restrain appreciations of yen; 1993-1996, 1999-2000, 2001-2004 and 2010-2011. Heavy buying of US dollars has resulted in an accumulation of foreign exchange reserves to the tune of 1.26 trillion dollars as of September 2016. On rare occasions, in December 1997 and April 1998, Japan intervened to purchase yen. The FX Intervention statistics are officially published with Yen denomination. The amount of FX intervention expressed in US dollar in our (JMA) page is our own conversion. To convert the amount into US Dollar, we use exchange rates published by the Bank of Japan, "US Dollar/Yen, Average in the month" for monthly figures and “US Dollar/Yen Spot Rate at 17:00 in JST" for daily figures.
The Next Release Date: 1st week of March, 2017 (FX Reserves)
February 28th, 2017 (FX Intervention)
Japan's FX Intervention: Daily statistics
China's FX Reserve
Note: China's Foreign Exchange Reserves is published by State Administration of Foreign Exchange. For more information, please visit their website.